What is a Severe Service Valve Used For?

There are many types of valves and can be categorized into a number of basic types. If you group them according to how they are actuated, you will have five types; solenoid valve, motor, pneumatic valve, hydraulic and manual valve. Valves are made up of components that enable them to carry out their functions. Such components include disks, seats, stems, bodies, bonnets, ports, handles, valve balls, springs, trims and even gaskets.

What are severe service valves? When we asked CGIS, a well known name in the industry of severe service valves they told us: “These are simply control valves used in severe service conditions. By partially or fully opening control valves you can be able to regulate flow, temperature, pressure and liquid levels. They are widely used in hydrocarbon, power, pulp, and paper or chemical industries.”

axialmoroccoSizing calculations are performed to identify this control valve. Some of the information required for such calculations includes vapor pressure of liquids; temperature valve size; flow rate, upstream pressure and differential pressure at maximum, normal and minimum; fluid state. If a control valve does not violate the calculated threshold, it fails to be classified as an SSCV but rather a general purpose control valve.

An SSCV is selected depending on the threshold value. This is not done by anybody but rather experts/suppliers who have an insight in SSCV trims and features and major in controlled applications. In most cases the following conditions fall under severe services: compressor anti-surge, turbine by-pass, autoclave let-down, engine test stands, toxic/lethal service, boiler feed water, fluid with high outgassing potential, slurry control, choke valves, high-pressure separator drains, solar power molten salt, coal gasification, and minimum flow recycle.
The design of these valves has two flow mechanisms. Radial flow mechanism which is characterized by sudden contraction, small passage friction, surface impingement, direction change, mutual impingement, cavitation bubble isolation, turbulent mixing and sudden expansion. Axial flow is the second flow mechanism and has the following features: sudden impingement, direction change, sudden contraction and sudden expansion.

Examples of these valves include:

Cavitation control – curb the harmful effects of cavitation
Aerodynamic nose control – reduce noise compressible flows
Steam conditioning – regulate superheated steam to give the desired output
Engineering solutions – custom engineered for specified functions
However, since there are no national or world standards of identifying these valves, there is a risk of having a mix-up. This poses a major risk for those handling those valves due to counterfeit products. The ordinary worker is therefore placed in a precarious position. It is, therefore, imperative to work hand in hand with certified expert in both the supply and installation of these valves. When correctly identified and installed, the user grips many benefits such as saving workers’ lives and protecting our environment.

5 Great Ways To Kill Mold

Nobody likes to find out they have mold, but the good news is there are a number of ways to kill it. Some ways may work, some may not, but they are still worth trying. With that said, below are some of the best ways to kill mold.

  1. Removing the source of moisture is one way that may get rid of mold or mildew. Remember, moisture is how mold and mildew can thrive, so removing the source of moisture is one of the best ways to kill mold. What you want to do is have a look around in the area the mold is located and then look for the source of moisture. Once you have determined where the source is, remove it by repairing the leak and make sure no moisture is allowed to build-up in that area by placing a dehumidifier there, and this should keep mold from coming back.
  2. Using hydrogen peroxide is good at killing mold, but only if you are dealing with a mild mold issue. Nonetheless, this method is worth trying and what you want to do is put some peroxide in a spray bottle and then spray the surface where the mold is present, and make sure you let the peroxide absorb into the surface for about 10 minutes. Afterwards you can scrub off the mold and the stains, and then you can wipe the surface down, but be careful when using peroxide on some surfaces because it does act like bleach.
  3. Non-Toxic-Ways-To-Kill-Mold-In-Your-HomeWhite vinegar and tea tree oil can be mixed together, as well as with a little bit of water, and this may help you kill mold. Make sure the vinegar you use is distilled. Mix them together in a spray bottle and then spray the affected area and then scrub it after about 20-30 minutes and this should get rid of the mold. If you have grapefruit seed extract laying around, then you can mix that with some water, as well as a little bit of vinegar. Grapefruit seed extract is great because it is not scented and it is completely natural. Regardless if you use vinegar, grapefruit seed extract or tea tree oil, make sure you let it sit for a good 20-30 minutes before scrubbing it off because this will increase the chances of being able to kill the mold.
  4. Ways-To-Kill-Mold-NaturallyBleach is another way you can try to kill mold, but you need to be wary because it is toxic and it may ruin certain types of surfaces. Bleach is also potent and it is known for the dangerous fumes it emits, so you need to be extremely careful when using it. Also, it’s a good idea to mix the bleach with water and then applying it to the affected area.
  5. Borax may also help kill off mold, and what you want to do is put about a cup of borax into one gallon of water, which should be hot. Wait for the borax to dissolve and then put the solution into a spray bottle. After you spray the moldy area, you’ll want to wait a few minutes, maybe 5-10 and then use a scrubbing brush. If this doesn’t work the first time, then do it once more and see if this makes a difference.

Those methods are all good ways to kill mold. If you find out you have mold and you want to get rid of it, then give one of the above methods a try. If they work, then hopefully you won’t have to deal with another mold problem for a long time to come. For more mold killing methods check out these videos on YouTube about mold.

The Best Places To Find Small Modern House Plans

One of the most exciting parts of building a new home is deciding on a floor plan. Recently, there has been a growing trend for homeowners to choose smaller homes rather than opting for homes with a lot of square footage. Rather than focusing on the size of the home, these home plans focus more on efficient design and modern features. Not only does this make the home more affordable to build but it also makes it more affordable to live in by reducing utility costs and maintenance expenses.

There are quite a few different options when it comes to finding small modern house plans. A good place to start your search is on the Internet. There are many different websites that feature house plans that are available for purchase. The best part about using the Internet for your search is that you can limit your search options based on the square footage of the home. That way, you can look for small house plans that don’t exceed the maximum square footage that you are interested in.

french-country-home-plans-country-style-home-plansAnother option is to check out stock building plans that are published by home designers. Typically, these plans are published in large catalogs that you can browse through. Going this route is a little bit more difficult than searching online since you can’t necessarily limit your search by square footage. That means that you may have to look at some larger homes along with smaller homes before you find what you are looking for. This can make the process a bit more time-consuming.

Alternatively, you can try to modify older home plans to make them more modern. You can often find building plans for historic homes for free. One of the good things about going with this option is that homes of the past tended to be far smaller than modern homes. With just a little bit of tweaking, you may be able to transform the layout of an older home into something fresh and modern that still gives a nod to the past.

07If you are creative, you can try to draw your own house plans as well. Just be sure to make your drawings as accurate as possible. Once you have sketched out the plans, you can then take them to an architect or builder. They should be able to use your drawings to come up with a home plan that matches your needs. There is also home design software available that you can use to create plans for your dream home using your computer.

If all else fails, you can go directly to an architect to have them design plans for a custom home that perfectly matches your vision. Although this tends to be more expensive than the other options, it also opens up a world of possibilities in terms of the designs that you can get.

Hopefully, this gives you some ideas on the best places to find small modern house plans. With the right plans, you can build your dream home in no time at all.

Window Tinting For Helicopters: What Are The Advantages?

You’ve undoubtedly seen some vehicles on the road that appear to have tinted windows, and you can see how sleek and professional they look. Unfortunately, many people equate window tinting with vehicles only and forget the importance that this application of film can have on aircraft. Helicopter window tinting is slowly becoming more and more popular, offering pilots a safer way to fly against the glare of the sun. Of course, as with any investment, it’s important to know the advantages.

Enhanced Protection Against UVA And UVB Rays

Constant exposure to the sun’s harmful UVA rays not only puts pilots and passengers at risk for skin cancer, but it can also damage organic materials it comes into contact with. Standard transparencies manufactured from plastic can easily block all UVB rays, but only about 80% of UVA rays are filtered. Almost all UVA rays are blocked if proper aircraft window tinting films are applied to windows, meaning that over 99% of UVA rays are safely blocked.

High altitude UVA UVB rays helicopter

When flying at high altitudes, people are more exposed to the sun’s harmful rays. For every 1,000 feet, the strength of UV rays will increase by as much as 5%. Meanwhile, basic plastic window films provide adequate protection when flying at sea level, but at higher altitudes, people can be greatly at risk for UV radiation if careful steps aren’t taken to prevent this.

Increase Lifespan Of Organic Materials

When the interior of a helicopter is exposed for long periods to UV radiation, it can start to discolor and break down the inside of the aircraft. Meanwhile, this change isn’t something that takes place overnight; intense heat can damage so-called organic materials. By applying the right aircraft window tint to your helicopter, you can increase the life expectancy of the interior. Additionally, you have to consider that window tinting also helps keep the temperature cooler inside of your aircraft.

Heat Reduction Through Tinting

Small helicopters are significantly at risk for severe heat buildup when not in flight. Leaving your aircraft outdoors without any protection not only helps deteriorate the interior, but it can cause the temperatures to become unbearable. Fortunately, proper window tinting can contribute to reducing the amount of heat from sunlight that your helicopter will pick up.

Privacy Through Tinting

Much like with vehicles, window tinting can help you increase the amount of privacy within your aircraft. If you help chauffeur prominent business people, celebrities or people looking to remain anonymous, window tinting offers just the amount of privacy that you seek. Keep in mind, depending on the window tints you choose how much of the interior is visible can often change.

Some may see window tinting as an unnecessary expense, but they couldn’t be more wrong! If your helicopter doesn’t shield you adequately from the sun, it could all take a toll on your health. Additionally, you can’t ignore that tinted windows help promote a sense of privacy and keep interiors safe.

Window tinting helicopter.

Fore more information visit http://www.sandiegowindowtintingpros.com/.

Learn Why Many People Use A Mortgage Broker

mortgage calculator for brokerages

All About The Score

If you have ever gone to a bank in Canada to request a mortgage for a home, you will know that this process can be both challenging and disappointing. Unless you have perfect credit, it is unlikely that you will be able to get the money that you need, which is why many people will use a mortgage broker. These are individuals that have connections with multiple lenders that are willing to work directly with people denied a loan from their bank. They can find lenders that are not as concerned about their credit rating, allowing them to get the mortgage that they need.

How Do Mortgage Brokers Operate?

These individuals can provide options for people that may not qualify for the lowest possible interest rates. They can connect people with little-known lenders that issue hundreds or thousands of loans every year, yet are not as well known because they do not do an extensive amount of advertising. The validity of these lenders has been verified by looking at the Better Business Bureau and other websites. If there are complaints, then it’s likely that idea to work with one particular company, whereas others may have a stellar rating.

Why This Can Speed Up The Loan Process

The loan process itself can be sped up very quickly if you can work with one of these lenders. Although they are not payday loan companies which can issue loans in as little as a single day, they will often be much faster than a regular bank or credit union. Convenience and speed are other reasons that people are more willing to work with mortgage brokers as they will help them find lenders that will provide them with loans very quickly. Speed is everything when it comes to being able to purchase a home that is on the market, and some of these lenders can provide you with a home loan within days.

Getting Lower Interest Rates

People that work with these lenders can also get much lower interest rates than banks will typically offer. Remembering that a bank is going to give you an interest rate based upon your credit score, some of these businesses will evaluate you in a different way. They may look at your debt to loan ratio, and if you are willing to put several points down, they will lower the interest rate even more. Flexibility is a huge benefit when working with mortgage brokers who will help people find the most accepting lenders in the industry.

How Mortgage Brokers Can Do This

A mortgage broker is simply an individual that has made connections over time with lenders that may not be mainstream. They are legally authorized persons or companies that simply have a considerable amount of assets that are liquid, and are willing to loan their money to people to earn interest. Of course, they need to know that you are a good risk and that you will make your payments on time. As long as you do not have a terrible credit rating, it’s always possible to get an affordable payment along with relatively low-interest rates for a home that you need.

Article Summary

Once you have found a mortgage broker that will be willing to work with you, you should have no problem connecting with a lender. They will do their best to help you because they make a percentage of the actual loan value which is their primary motivation for helping people out. Like any company, they are there to make money, and their primary source of income are people that are unable to get a loan from a traditional bank. It is through their connections that individuals that do not have above-average credit can get reasonable loans with low-interest rates.

Financial debt can be lifted with mortgage brokers and consolidation

For more information, visit Calgary mortgage brokers today.

Some of the Various Types of Security Fasteners

Security fasteners are any type of fastener that is usually in the form of a screw that is close to impossible to remove except with a special removing driver. The security fasteners come in different sizes, models, shapes and finishes to cater for every kind of job.

There are various reasons a person would require a security fastener, especially on a helicopter. Foremost is the need to prevent tampering or removal of installations or panels, thus, obviating grave consequences as security screws are difficult to remove. Some of the scenarios where a security fastener is applicable include heavy machinery, aerospace or automotive applications, medical devices, street signs and a slew of other important permanent safety signs, panels that guard important or confidential materials and electrical installations that are not designed to be removed.

As earlier said, there is a vast array of different security fasteners, each suited for a particular or a range of special purposes. Below are some of the popular security fasteners.

Security Torx

A security Torx screw has a six-pointed star-shaped screw head with a pin in the middle. It is designed to be used in many digital objects or installations to prevent tampering or unwelcome removal. Some of the places they are used include motorcycles, automobiles, bicycle brake systems, computer systems, consumer electronics and hard disk drives. These security fasteners are also becoming more popular in the construction industry.

The Torx head security fasteners are famed for their ability to resist cam-out better than slot head or Philips head screws. While Philips heads are designed to ease the driver’s cam-out so as to prevent overtightening, the Torx heads are suited to prevent cam-out.

Socket Pin-Head

The socket pin-head features high degree tamper-resistance which offers positive engaging, high torque transmission at the same resisting cam-out and tool wear. It comes with a Button & Flat-Head design. To install or remove, you will need a matching driver.

Picture of different security fasteners

Some various security screws

Breakaway Hex Nut

The hex nut breaks away whenever the nut is tightened, thus, leaving only the conical portion that is tamper-resistant. The breakaway hex nut uses a standard wrench for installation and does not require a special tool.

One-Way Slotted

You can use the standard screwdriver to install this security screw. The reverse side is cammed out to preempt unauthorized removal. The machine and sheet metal fasteners come in oval-head, Truss or Round designs.

Philips Pin-Head

It nowadays features a tamper-resistant pin for improved security. It is easy to install and remove with a matching tool- it cannot be removed with a Philips Screwdriver. The machine and sheet metal screws come in flat or Pan-Head design.

Snakes’ Eyes Spanner

The authentic Snake Eyes Spanner needs matching driver bit thus reducing the chances of unwarranted removal. It is available in 18-8 stainless steel. Some of the machine screws are available in brass.


The TP3’s triangular recessed drive grants three times the security of ordinary sheet metal screws. It is one of the most reliable security fasteners.


Tri-Wing tamper-resistant screws are popular when it comes to high-volume assembly operations. The machine and sheet metal screws come in a Pan-Head design or OpsitTM reverse thread.

The Basics of Helicopter Manufacturing

Helicopters are marvels of the modern age. With their ability to take off and land vertically, and to carry enormous loads, helicopters have become the backbone of many civilian and military operations around the world. But, how are these vehicles made?


The first element of a helicopter to be manufactured is the airframe. Similar to the frame of a car, the airframe is the rigid skeleton on which all of the other elements of the helicopter will be laid. Generally, an airframe is made of lightweight metal tubing This tubing can be bent to exacting dimensions, but is still lightweight and rigid enough to remain strong but not so heavy as to keep the vehicle from achieving flight. Wherever these tubes meet, they are generally welded together and reinforced with plates or brackets called “gussets.” The tubing and gussets are chemically cleaned and treated to prevent corrosion, welded together, then inspected for flaws before moving on to the next steps.


At this point, sheet metal is added to the airframe to create both shape and mounting points for other parts of the assembly. A honeycomb shaped composite material called the “core” is then applied to create a lightweight insulation between interior and exterior body parts. This will help to prevent temperature change inside the cabin and block out some of the outside noise. The hollow structure of the cores also helps to reduce weight. Lightweight composite or fiberglass panels are then applied on top of the cores to create the exterior skin of the helicopter. Once dried and shaped, paint and trim may be added to the exterior in order to protect it from wear an to meet various aviation identification and visibility requirements.


The Engine, Transmission, and Rotors

At this point, the helicopter is merely an empty shell with no means of flight. Thus, an engine, transmission, and rotors must be added. Modern helicopters use turbine engines rather than the piston type engine one would find in an automobile. However, a transmissions sends mechanical power from the engine to the rotors in the same fashion a transmission in a car sends engine power to the wheels. It is also at this stage that it is extremely important that the helicopter be within a temperature controlled warehouse.

The rotors on the top and rear of the helicopter, arguably the most identifiable feature of any helicopter, are then added. The rotor blades are usually made of sheet metal with a composite layup applied and shaped over the top. Each rotor is given a slight teardrop shape along its horizontal access that resembles the wing of an airplane and for the same reason. This shape gives each blade lift and drag, just like an airplane’s wing does, and allows the spinning blades to carry the helicopter into the sky. The tail rotors use a similar principle to help steer the vehicle left and right.

Final Assembly and Inspection

Once the entire helicopter’s primary parts are assembled, the finishing touches can be applied. These include seats and cargo features, electronics, canopies, doors, windows, etc. After all of the systems have been installed and the helicopter is in its final form, it must undergo a rigorous inspection process. The vehicle is inspected and tested thoroughly on the ground, and then taken for test flights to ensure that nothing changes when the helicopter is in use.

Various Info on Industrial Equipment Supplies

Industrial tools include heavy machinery which is vital for daily operation of any sort of sector or company. They are unique in attributes therefore they lug high cost. Such pricey equipments could be obtained by method of industrial devices financing supplied by some genuine funding business.

Various other commercial devices funding includes funding for other secondary equipments that are made use of for background job. Financing for such tools could be beneficial as you could make use of the same money on various other resources to expand your business. All most all the industrial industries use various other devices besides their main equipments and also tools. All these various other equipments give important assistance in manufacturing as well as quality service. That is why Various other Industrial Equipment Funding is crucial in today’s fast altering market.

There is a possible idea that just due to the fact that 2 powerful systems are combined, their specific functions are reduced. This is not the situation with the air compressor generator. Rather, its combo simply boosts its individual advantages and boosts its consolidated forces. The apartment is constructed in cast iron making it sturdy and able to endure difficult environments. The air compressor generator is a great outdoor tools that comes with versions that are mountable in one’s vehicle so they can be carried around anywhere anytime. In camping trips for example, one can truly rely on the air compressor and also generator among the toughness of outdoors. These are two loads off one’s shoulder to have a double duty equipment that could conveniently inflate mattresses and watercrafts, and then supply power for lighting and other outdoor appliances. It is a great example of man and equipment working together to obtain better. And in this case, since man purposes for relaxation and leisure time when he is camping outdoors, having a reliable unit such as the air compressor generator is a sure way to easily achieve such goals. It also helps that devices as the air compressor generator are very affordable than the commonly used portable generators for rent.

Looking for affordable industrial equipment online? The great aspect of the internet is practically all the things necessary in today’s age can be found, researched and bought without even leaving house. The same is true for industrial devices, taking into consideration the amount of suppliers that currently have their own internet sites for the perusal of possible customers.

Read e-newsletters, brochures, or journals worrying your field. Search the Environment Wide Web for informative tips and guides in addition to online stores. Chances are you will come across articles which explain the advantages of leasing or acquiring second hand tools versus new things, plus pointers (like this one) on how to choose the best industrial equipment. A preferred option nowadays is leasing machineries instead of buying new ones. Besides the flexible repayment options, leasing firms offer upgrades of the current machine you are making use of, along with the alternative of buying it out at some point. Second hand equipment is also preferable but a more discerning approach during purchase is required.

First, did you visit the product or the reselling establishment and ensured that they are professionals in the field? While online companies simply have the very best purposes for consumers, they are mainly just resellers that may have little expertise when it comes to industrial machines. Second: with regards to heavy machines, have you inspected its maintenance history? A good industrial equipment reseller keeps a record of maintenance to show the purchaser that they are selling excellent quality materials. This piece of record will definitely prevent headaches later.

The last thing to do in this process is to actually make a bid; however, there is something that goes along when it comes to this action – care. It is important to be notified about what is being bought. This can be accomplished by following some of the steps detailed above and by looking at the capacity of the device to function well in its new job task. Maintenance documents, date of manufacture and outcome levels of any type of public auction commercial tools need to be closely examined.